From Stixels to Asteroids: Towards a Collision Warning System using Stereo Vision

TitleFrom Stixels to Asteroids: Towards a Collision Warning System using Stereo Vision
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsSanberg, WP, Dubbelman, G, de With, PHN
Conference NameIS&T Electronic Imaging - Autonomous Vehicles and Machines (EI-AVM)
Date PublishedJanuary 2019
Conference LocationBurlingame (CA), USA

This paper explores the use of stixels in a probabilistic stereo vision-based collision-warning system that can be part of an ADAS for intelligent vehicles. In most current systems, collision warnings are based on radar or on monocular vision using pattern recognition (and ultra-sound for park assist). Since detecting collisions is such a core functionality of intelligent vehicles, redundancy is key. Therefore, we explore the use of stereo vision for reliable collision prediction. Our algorithm consists of a Bayesian histogram filter that provides the probability of collision for multiple interception regions and angles towards the vehicle. This could additionally be fused with other sources of information in larger systems. Our algorithm builds upon the disparity Stixel World that has been developed for efficient automotive vision applications. Combined with image flow and uncertainty modeling, our system samples and propagates asteroids, which are dynamic particles that can be utilized for collision prediction. At best, our independent system detects all 31 simulated collisions (2 false warnings), while this setting generates 12 false warnings on the real-world data.